Section 504 Definition

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) is a one-sentence civil rights law that prohibits
agencies that receive federal funding from discriminating against persons with disabilities on
the basis of that disability. Several federal Department of Education regulations specifically
tell schools how to implement Section 504 requirements.

The main emphasis in the schools is equal educational opportunity, which is mainly
accomplished by providing appropriate classroom accommodations to eligible students with
disabilities that are not severe enough to qualify for special education, but which are substantially
limiting their learning or other major life activities. Eligible students are afforded an equal
opportunity to participate in school extracurricular and non-academic activities.