Science Elementary School Programs - Kindergarten

Science, as defined by the National Academy of Sciences, is the "use of evidence to construct
testable explanations and predictions of natural phenomena, as well as the knowledge
generated through this process."

Recurring themes are pervasive in sciences, mathematics, and technology. These ideas
transcend disciplinary boundaries and include patterns, cycles, systems, models, and change
and constancy.

The study of elementary science includes planning and safely implementing classroom and
outdoor investigations using scientific processes, including inquiry methods, analyzing
information, making informed decisions, and using tools to collect and record information,
while addressing the major concepts and vocabulary, in the context of physical, earth, and
life sciences. Districts are encouraged to facilitate classroom and outdoor
investigations for
at least 80% of instructional time.

In Kindergarten, students observe and describe the natural world using their five senses.
Students do science as inquiry in order to develop and enrich their abilities to understand
scientific concepts and processes. Students develop vocabulary through their experiences
investigating properties of common objects, earth materials, and organisms.

  • A central theme throughout the study of scientific investigation and reasoning;
    matter and energy; force, motion, and energy; Earth and space; and organisms and
    environment is active engagement in asking questions, communicating ideas, and
    exploring with scientific tools. Scientific investigation and reasoning involves practicing
    safe procedures, asking questions about the natural world, and seeking answers to those
    questions through simple observations and descriptive investigations.
  • Matter is described in terms of its physical properties, including relative size and mass,
    shape, color, and texture. The importance of light, heat, and sound energy is identified as it
    relates to the students' everyday life. The location and motion of objects are explored.
  • Weather is recorded and discussed on a daily basis so students may begin to recognize
    patterns in the weather. Other patterns are observed in the appearance of objects in the sky.
  • In life science, students recognize the interdependence of organisms in the natural world.
    They understand that all organisms have basic needs that can be satisfied through
    interactions with living and nonliving things. Students will investigate the life cycle of plants
    and identify likenesses between parents and offspring.

Taken from Chapter 112. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Science
Subchapter A. Elementary