Science Elementary School Programs - Fifth Grade

Science, as defined by the National Academy of Sciences, is the "use of evidence to
construct testable explanations and predictions of natural phenomena, as well as the
knowledge generated through this process."

Recurring themes are pervasive in sciences, mathematics, and technology. These ideas
transcend disciplinary boundaries and include patterns, cycles, systems, models, and
change and constancy.

The study of elementary science includes planning and safely implementing classroom
and outdoor investigations using scientific processes, including inquiry methods,
analyzing information, making informed decisions, and using tools to collect and record
information, while addressing the major concepts and vocabulary, in the context of
physical, earth, and life sciences. Districts are encouraged to facilitate classroom
and outdoor investigations for at least 50% of instructional time.

In Grade 5, investigations are used to learn about the natural world. Students should
understand that certain types of questions can be answered by investigations and that
methods, models, and conclusions built from these investigations change as new
observations are made. Models of objects and events are tools for understanding the
natural world and can show how systems work. They have limitations and based on new
discoveries are constantly being modified to more closely reflect the natural world.

  • Within the physical environment, students learn about the physical properties of
    , including magnetism, physical states of matter, relative density, solubility in
    water, and the ability to conduct or insulate electrical and heat energy. Students
    explore the uses of light, thermal, electrical, and sound energies.
  • Within the natural environment, students learn how changes occur on Earth's
    surface and that predictable patterns occur in the sky
    . Students learn that
    the natural world consists of resources, including nonrenewable, renewable, and
    alternative energy sources.
  • Within the living environment, students learn that structure and function of
    organisms can improve the survival of members of a specie
    s. Students
    learn to differentiate between inherited traits and learned behaviors. Students learn
    that life cycles occur in animals and plants and that the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle
    occurs naturally to support the living environment

Taken from Chapter 112. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Science
Subchapter A. Elementary